About the Project
The fast industrial development from a low income to a middle-income country such as Bangladesh carries a risk for the safety and health of the workers, which may also jeopardize economic development. Occupational safety and health (OSH) is therefore receiving strong priority in Bangladesh. The two main measures are government regulation and international buyer CSR requirements. This project studies the audits, which are carried out to secure supplier compliance. Buyer CSR policies are criticized for window dressing with little impact on OSH realities in the workplaces. However, the actual audit practices have not been studied, and it is crucial to find ways to utilise the extensive resources used for audits in an efficient manner, securing tangible OSH improvements. The research partners University of Southern Denmark (SDU) and Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS) study the audit practices in the garment and leather sectors in Bangladesh. The objective is to identify the audit practices and methods, which have the largest impact on the preventive OSH management in the companies. The project starts with a preliminary mapping of the audit market and its context in Bangladesh. The results are used for the selection of the most important audits approaches and companies for the subsequent field studies. They include observation of 100 audits of companies, interviews with the auditors, and subsequent follow-up assessments and interviews in the companies of the impact of the audits. The new knowledge will be published in scientific journals and disseminated to the stakeholders, including international buyers, audits companies, and social partners as well as the public authorities. It will include advice on the most efficient use of audits, and the results will serve as a platform for systematic testing new methods for both audits and inspections.
Research project under a grant issued by Danida Fellowship Centre (DFC) on behalf of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark
Audits of working conditions and occupational safety and health (OSH) constitute an integrated part of global supply chains. International buyers and international organisations require the suppliers to follow standards and code of conducts on working conditions, and they initiate audits either by themselves or a third party to secure compliance. The consequence of the many different standards and audit clients is that large resources are used for audits, at the same time as suppliers experience many parallel audits with uncoordinated consequences. Furthermore, the effect on working conditions is uncertain.
The research on the effects of audits is limited, and there is, in particular, a lack of knowledge on how to carry out audits in a manner that initiate improvements of working conditions and OSH. University of Southern Denmark (SDU) and Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS) now implement a research project which will contribute to fulfilling this knowledge gap.